Learn about your options for reconstructive facial surgery or face reconstruction, at Robinson Cosmetic Surgery to treat TMJ, obstructive sleep apnea, occlusion, facial trauma, facial tumors, and craniofacial conditions:
Generally, reconstructive facial surgery (sometimes referred to as maxillofacial surgery or craniofacial surgery or orthognathic surgery) refers to the surgical treatment of diseased, inured or deformed body tissues of the face, head, and neck regions. With surgery, tissues can be manipulated or removed altogether in order to restore or improve function. Today, reconstructive facial surgeries are safer and more successful than ever for treating severe cases of TMJ, obstructive sleep apnea, tumors, and other cranio-facial conditions.
If you suffer from an injury or deformation of the face or head, reconstructive facial surgery might be your answer. Call Dr. Robinson for an appointment.
Types of Face Reconstruction
Below are brief descriptions of several face reconstruction procedures we offer at Robinson Cosmetic Surgery:
Dr. Robinson helps patients restore or improve the appearance and function of the outer ear. In some cases, the changes are only cosmetic. In other cases, the changes can help restore the ability to hear.
While most people think of rhinoplasty as a cosmetic procedure, nose surgery may also open the breathing airway. This allows the patient to breath easier, more naturally. In some cases, this helps alleviate obstructive sleep apnea.
Also, nose reconstruction helps restore the appearance and function of the nose when it’s been damaged or deformed. In these cases, tissue and bone is manipulated to alter the nose structure.
Do you suffer from jaw pain? You may have a condition know as TMJ. Treatments such as physical therapy, dentistry, and others may be effective at treating TMJ. However, if your condition is severe enough, your next best option may be surgical treatment.
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction, which is more commonly referred to as TMJ, is caused by a variety of problems, such as skeletal growth deformity, grinding teeth, stress, malocclusion and trauma. Rheumatoid arthritis is also thought to have an affect on TMJ. There are three main types of TMJ disorders, the first being a myofascial pain dysfunction (MPD), which involves spasms and pain associated with the muscles and can include migraines.
The second type of disorder involves the internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint, and the third type of TMJ issue is referred to as idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR), which is a degenerative process that causes the condyles, or end of bones, to shrink away. When a bite is off, it can even cause neck and shoulder pain along with muscle spasms. When orthognathic surgery is needed to correct TMJ, it is usually performed on an outpatient basis, under general anesthesia. However, there are other options that are utilized to treat TMJ as well. Read more about surgical treatment for TMJ and jaw pain:
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Do you snore? Do you wake up a lot in the middle of the night? Are you tired all day? If so, you may have obstructive sleep apnea and if other treatments aren’t working, it might be time to consider sleep apnea surgery.
Reconstructive surgery can be effective for treating advanced conditions of obstructive sleep apnea where the airway is literally choked. In some cases, other treatments for obstructive sleep apnea such as dental devices and CPAP machines are in adequate. With sleep apnea surgery, obstructive tissue can be removed to permanently allow better airflow. Read more about obstructive sleep apnea surgery:
In America, approximately one person in every 600 is born with a cleft lip and palate deformation. Although this defect is often upsetting to parents, it is a treatable condition. There are various procedures and therapies utilized in treatment, which range from orthodontic treatments and surgical interventions to hearing and speech therapy. These treatments are designed to restore the function and the physical appearance of those who are suffering with a cleft lip and palate. Cleft lip and palate defects occur in a range of combinations, including complete lip/palate, partial lip/complete palate and complete lip/partial palate. When babies are born with this defect, their feeding and subsequent nutritional needs are the primary concern. Thankfully, there are modified nipples for bottles and other techniques that are available for use to ensure babies born with cleft lip palate get their needed nutrients until their defect can be corrected. Read more about cleft palate and cleft lip surgery:
Do you have trouble with biting or chewing? Do you have trouble with a speech impediment? If so, you may have occlusion – in other words, misaligned teeth causing the improper opening and closing of your jaw. If other treatments aren’t sufficient, orthognathic surgery might be your next best option.
Orthognathic surgery can be beneficial in treating occlusion problems that can inhibit the proper function of chewing, speaking, and tooth wear. With surgery, bone is moved to a better location. As the bone heals, the patient conforms to a better functioning bite. Read more about orthognathic surgery:
Although tumors of the jaw or face are rare, they are often disfiguring and serious when they do occur. The term tumor literally means swelling, which makes sense since a tumor is a large abnormal mass. Tumors are classified as either benign, meaning they are not harmful, or malignant, which means they can cause injury or harm. Even if a tumor is benign, it is usually best to remove it, due to the fact that the presence of such abnormal tissue can begin to grow at the expense of the healthy areas around the tumor. However, virtually all malignant tumors should be removed, since they oftentimes are a result of cancer. The most common form of cancer that affects the neck and head region is called squamous cell carcinoma. Oral and throat cancers are the next most common cancers that involve the region. Read more about surgical treatment for tumors:
Fractures of the skull and facial bones are often the result sports injuries, falls, assaults or motor vehicle accidents. These injuries can be as minor as a cut or scrape or as severe as a fracture of the skull or facial bones. The key when repairing facial trauma is to restore function and form to the facial region. In the case of severe injuries, the bones must be put back in the proper positions. Sometimes, this includes the use of metal bone plates, wires or screws. The most common types of facial trauma include fractures of the eye socket or orbit, fractures of the teeth, nasal bone fractures, lower jaw bone fractures and upper jaw bone fractures. Read more about surgical treatment for facial trauma:
Craniofacial surgery was originally developed by Dr. Paul L. Tessier in Paris, France, as a way to correct noticeable deformities of the face. Dr. Tessier is responsible for improved surgical techniques that are now used to correct severe deformities in the facial region due to either birth defects or a traumatic event. The types of birth defects that are treated through craniofacial surgery include conditions, such as Otomandibular, Goldenhare’s, Treacher-Collins, Pfeiffer’s, Apert’s and Crouzon’s syndromes. Other defeats include Hemifacial Microsomia, Robin Anomaly and various types of facial clefts. Treatment options for these conditions often involves major surgery, which includes opening the fused growth in the skull and is completed at an early age. Various follow-up surgeries take place around the ages of five to nine. These major surgeries often include bone grafts and demand prolonged hospitalization. However, as a result of the advancements in craniofacial surgical techniques, many of these deformities are now correctable. Read more about surgical treatment for craniofacial deformities:
Schedule an Appointment for Reconstructive Facial Surgery, Craniofacial Surgery in Denver, CO
Contact the office of facial reconstructive surgeon, Randolph C. Robinson, MD, DDS, FAACS, to schedule an appointment for a face reconstruction consultation to learn what option is best for you.